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Women and Diabetes

One in 10 women, some of who are aged 20 and older are suffering from diabetes. In total approximately 13 million women suffer from this fatal disease. Diabetes is very rightly termed as the ghost that never leaves.

To those who aren’t acquainted with the seriousness of diabetes, it is a case of high blood sugar (glucose) levels in the body. The body uses glucose for energy and the pancreas produces insulin that helps convert the glucose into energy for your body. The body is meant to produce enough insulin so as to break down the glucose. When and if the body is not able to produce the required amounts of insulin, glucose stays stiff and does not reach the cells to be used for energy. This result in diabetes.

Diabetes is especially difficult for women. Here are some factors prevalent amongst most diabetic women.

  • Older than 45 years of age
  • Overweight (BMI of 23-24.9kg/m2) or obese (BMI of more than or equal to 30 kg/m2)
  • Family history of diabetes (parent or sibling)
  • Have had a baby with a birth weight of more than 4kgs or 9 pounds
  • Have had gestational diabetes
  • Have high blood pressure
  • Have high cholesterol
  • Exercise less than three times a week
  • Have other health conditions that are linked to problems using insulin, such as PCOS
  • Have a history of heart disease or stroke

Diabetes affects both men and women however; here are some manners in which Diabetes takes a toll on women’s health.

Vaginal and oral yeast infections and vaginal thrush -

Such infections are commonly experienced among women. These infections are due to an overgrowth of yeast. Infections are developed in the vaginal area further causing soreness, vaginal discharge and painful sex. A coating on the tongue and inside the mouth is a common symptom of oral yeast infection. It happens because extensive amounts of glucose increase fungal growth.

Urinary infections

This causes burning sensation due to the entry of bacteria in the urinary tract. Painful urination, cloudy and bloody urine, if not treated could give rise to kidney infections. Poor circulation of white blood cells and inability to travel through the bloodstream can further trigger this infection.

Female sexual dysfunction

This condition is categorized through the loss of sex drive in women and loss of feeling in different parts of the body such as affecting the sensation in the vaginal area.

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Irregular periods, acne, depression and weight gain are some of the beginning symptoms. It develops a type of insulin resistance and elevated blood sugar levels. Women also develop sleep apnea and the risk of heart attack is 7 times higher. It is said that women with PCOS have higher chances of diabetes.

Precautionary measures for women

Women should manage their lifestyle and adapt some changes to live a healthy life. Exercise, eating foods that produce sufficient insulin, watching over the blood sugar levels, avoiding smoking, drinking habits, taking vitamins or plant supplements, etc. should be some of the ways to keep diseases like diabetes away.