As you are aware, there are three types of diabetes:
In Type 1, the body is unable to produce any insulin. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease results when the body's system for fighting infection (the immune system) turns against a part of the body. In diabetes, the immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and destroys them. The pancreas then produces little or no insulin.
At present, scientists do not know exactly what causes the body's immune system to attack the beta cells, but they believe that autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors, possibly viruses, are involved. In a Type 1 diabetic, the beta cells produce little or no human insulin. When this happens the blood sugar level begins to rise to a dangerous level.
Type 1 diabetes develops most often in children and young adults, but the disorder can appear at any age. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop over a short period, although beta cell destruction can begin years earlier.
Symptoms include increased thirst and urination, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, and extreme fatigue. If not diagnosed and treated with insulin, a person can lapse into a life-threatening diabetic coma, also known as diabetic ketoacidosis.
In Type 2 diabetes, not enough insulin is produced or the insulin that is made does not work properly.
The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is often part of a metabolic syndrome that includes obesity, elevated blood pressure, and high levels of blood lipids.
When type 2 diabetes is diagnosed, the pancreas is usually producing enough insulin, but, for unknown reasons, the body cannot use the insulin effectively, a condition called insulin resistance. After several years, insulin production decreases. The result is the same as for type 1 diabetes--glucose builds up in the blood and the body cannot make efficient use of its main source of fuel.
Diabetes detected for the first time during pregnancy - 90 %
Over the next 2-3 decades there will be 80 million reproductive-age women with Diabetes of this 20 million will be in India.
Women diagnosed to have GDM are at increased risk of future diabetes predominantly type 2, as are their children.
GDM offers an important opportunity for the development, testing and implementation of clinical strategies for diabetes prevention.
Get all the advice and treatment for GDM at our clinic
Uncontrolled diabetes during pregnancy leads to 2 problems
Under the expert care at our clinic, such issues can be avoided with proper consultation